Previous Issues
April 2016

From Our Collections: Evacuation Slides

The Nov./Dec. 1980 issue of Flight Safety Foundation's Cabin Crew Safety Bulletin includes a history of the inflatable evacuation slide. Prior to the development of the inflatable slide, emergency egress options included jumping out the door (practical only in small aircraft with doors that were close to the ground), knotted ropes, and non-inflatable fabric chutes (which required people to hold handles on the lower end—leading to the question of how to get those people to the ground first).

evacuation slide illustration from passenger briefing card illustration from Eastern Airlines B727 passenger briefing card

Resources on the Web

Aviation Safety Network provides detailed descriptions of airliner, military transport category aircraft, and corporate jet aircraft safety occurrences including accidents, incidents, and hijackings from around the world. (1919-present)

A companion to the official ASN Aviation Safety Database, the Aviation Safety WikiBase contains user-entered information on accidents not included in the main database. These entries have not been verified for accuracy or completeness and, as with any wiki, should not be used as an authoritative source. (1905-present)

This Month in Aviation History

  • 3 April 1933: Crash of the Navy airship USS Akron
  • 6 April 1927: The first U.S. private pilot license was issued (to William P. MacCracken, Jr., Asst Secretary of Commere for Aeronautics)
  • 1 April 1941: The first attempt to require FDRs on U.S. commercial aircraft went into effect (the regulation was ultimately rescinded in 1944 since wartime shortages prevented compliance)
  • 8 April 1954: The crash of South African Airways Flight 201—coming just 3 months after a similar catastrophic failure destroyed BOAC Flight 781 on Jan. 10—led to the grounding of all de Havilland DH-106 Comets while the cause was investigated
  • 12-13 April 1928: First east to west transatlantic flight by airplane (from Ireland to Greenly Island, Labrador)
  • 15 April 1976: NASA Aviation Safety Reporting System (ASRS) started operation
  • 19 April 1945: The International Air Transport Association (IATA) was created at a meeting of delegates from more than 40 airlines, in Havana, Cuba
  • 24 April 1964: The FAA and Flight Safety Foundation deliberately crashed a DC-7 near Phoenix, Ariz., as part of a research program focused on the prevention of postcrash fatalitites
  • 28 April 1988: One flight attendant was lost when Aloha Airlines Flight 243 suffered an explosive decompression at 24,000 feet
books

New in the Archives

A number of books have been added to the Archives' holdings, including:
  • Adair, Bill. The mystery of Flight 427 : inside a crash investigation. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 2002
  • Celentino, Ted. Combating air rage. [Bloomington, Ind.]: 1st Books Library, 2000.
  • Cook, Jon S. Analysis of hazardous pilot behaviors and casual factors in part 121 and part 135 aircraft accidents and incidents. Thesis, Arizona State University, 2002.
  • Jaros, Dean. Heroes without legacy : American airwomen, 1912-1944. Niwot, Colo.: University Press of Colorado, 1993.
  • MacPherson, Malcolm. On a wing and a prayer : interviews with airline crash survivor. New York: HarperCollins, 2002.
  • NTSB reporter. Volumes 3-31 (1985-2013).
  • Toland, John. The great dirigibles; their triumphs and disasters. New York: Dover, 1972.

Recent Citations of Interest

Article Access:
Access: C
ERAU Users: Full text available if connecting from a campus computer or with ERAU login; contact the Hazy Library (Prescott) or Hunt Library (DB & WW) for assistance accessing articles through the library databases. Non-ERAU users: Check with your institution/local library for access options.
Access: F
Open access; no login or subscription required.
Access: L
ERAU Users: Full text available with ERAU login; contact the Hazy Library (Prescott) or Hunt Library (DB & WW) for assistance accessing articles through the library databases. (One trick is to try searching for the article title in EagleSearch. Or look up the electronic journal using the Library's journal title search box/page.) Non-ERAU users: Check with your institution/local library for access options.