June 2016

From Our Collections: Air Medical Evacuation System (AMES) Demonstration Project

AMES logoDuring 1969-1970, a team at Arizona State University developed and tested a system for helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) within Arizona. The nine month flight program--known as the Air Medical Evacuation System or AMES--demonstrated the validity of using helicopters for evacuation of accident victims. During the demonstration project, the AMES program flew 1,185 hours and evacuated 225 persons in the course of 213 missions. Project personnel and aircraft also flew 613 non-medical missions, including manhunts, aircraft searches, patrol, and surveillance. In addition to the Executive Summary, the full final report and other documentation of the AMES project are available in the Archives.

This Month in Aviation History

  • 2 June 1983: Air Canada flight 797 suffered an in-flight electrical fire
  • 3 June 1973: Soviet supersonic transport Tupolev TU-144 crashed during a demonstration at the Paris Air Show
  • 12-15 June 1985: Volcanic ash from the eruptions of Mount Pinotubo damaged engines of aircraft in-flight, as well as causing damage to aircraft on the ground and forcing the closure of several airports
  • 14 June 1985: Hijacking of TWA flight 847 began a two week long confrontation, with the last hostages being released on 30 June
  • 14-15 June 1919: First nonstop transatlantic flight
  • 17 June 1947: Pan Am began round-the world flights between San Francisco and New York
  • 18 June 1986: Midair collision of a Bell 206B helicopter and DHC-6 Twin Otter airplane over the Grand Canyon while conducting air tours
  • 19 June 1972: Worldwide pilot strike to bring attention to the issue of air piracy
  • 21 June 1988: New rules were issued by the FAA expanding requirements for "black box" recorders (FDRs and CVRs) to be carried on air carrier, commuter, and some general aviation aircraft
    CVR

    Cockpit Voice Recorder (Source: National Air and Space Museum)

  • 23 June 1981: FAA announced the adoption of TCAS (Threat Alert and Collision Avoidance System, later renamed Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System)
  • 26 June 1978: Establishment of the Special Aviation Fire and Explosion Reduction (SAFER) Advisory Committee to examine the topic of post-crash survival of aircraft cabin occupants
  • 30 June 1956: Midair collision over the Grand Canyon of TWA Flight 2 and United Flight 718

Resources on the Web

Recent Citations of Interest

Article Access:
Access: C
ERAU Users: Full text available if connecting from a campus computer or with ERAU login; contact the Hazy Library (Prescott) or Hunt Library (DB & WW) for assistance accessing articles through the library databases. Non-ERAU users: Check with your institution/local library for access options.
Access: F
Open access; no login or subscription required.
Access: L
ERAU Users: Full text available with ERAU login; contact the Hazy Library (Prescott) or Hunt Library (DB & WW) for assistance accessing articles through the library databases. (One trick is to try searching for the article title in EagleSearch. Or look up the electronic journal using the Library's journal title search box/page.) Non-ERAU users: Check with your institution/local library for access options.